The Bare Hands Doctor - Master Tim Wong

Principles of Tui-Na

In Traditional Chinese Medicine the belief is that 50% of diseases and illnesses are caused by emotional problems and stress.  These problems can directly influence our circulation and chemical balance, thus leading to the functional disturbances in our organs.  Emotional changes can cause stomach and gastric disorder, stress can cause liver problems manifesting as headaches or migraine, while grief can give rise to lung problems that may trigger an asthma attack.  Other medicine may be able to treat the symptoms but to deal with the root of the disease is another matter.  Tui-Na can treat the symptoms and the root of disease effectively because when your body is massaged and treated by Tui-Na there will be blood and energy circulation reaction - that is why you instantly feel good.

Massaging systematically with certain degrees of pressure with a different  direction of movement onto the acupressure points or on the muscles can effectively influence both the physiological and emotional. 

Over the years, Japanese and Western massage - such as Shiatsu, reflexology, and Swedish and holistic massage, etc. - have adopted the Chinese massage system with the pressure points or acupoint massage, but they still lack the knowledge of the manipulation movements or direction of the meridian and points system to achieve the best therapeutic effect.

The basic principle of Tui-Na is to use the hands to  massage and manipulate the body in order to eliminate pains and aches, promote the harmonious flow of energy, and encourage natural healing.  Direct contact with the skin is essential for the Tui-Na physician to detect what is underneath the skin; to determine the condition of the body, its temperature, tenderness and changes in color; to test blood and Qi flow or obstruction; and to promote and transfer energy to the patient.

There are circumstances in which Tui-Na is conducted with the patient fully clothed. Such practice includes working in the street or in the workplace, which is very common in China. This kind of Tui-Na offers temporary relaxation and is not designed to treat any serious or specific problems as in a clinical setting. This is an increasingly popular form of Tui-Na being taught and practiced in the West. The knowledge needed to practise this form is far less and training less rigorous.

Three Key Points of Tui-Na and Its Principles

1.  Systematic Massage: This is the most fundamental organic healing therapy whose primary purpose to improve circulation.  Its secondary purpose is to relax and stimulate the function of the body and mind.  It also reduces muscular tension and eliminates muscle spasms.  It also encourages the patient to focus on his or her body.

2.  Manipulations: (a) use the system of 14 meridians and 365 acupoints to diagnose the body’s condition; (b) excite and increase action in an organism to promote energy flow, thereby encouraging the healing process; and (c) release stiffness and adhesion of the joints and muscles to promote suppleness.

3.  Adjustment.  Using various gentle methods to treat and restore abnormal locations of the joints and tendons in order to readjust the body’s alignment.